Wall Street isn’t the most magnanimous of places. In fact, several thousand people continue to Occupy Wall Street because it won’t share what it has with others.
But NYSE Technologies is happy to play against type.
NYSE Technologies is the IT division of NYSE Euronext, the company that operates the New York Stock Exchange and various other exchanges across the globe. In essence, it provides tech services to the financial outfits that use these exchanges — investment banks and hedge funds and other trading firms — and for years, it has charged these companies to stream market data through an online interface it calls MAMA.
But on Monday, the company open sourced MAMA, giving away a technology that financial firms across the industry have long paid good money for. The idea is to create a standard interface for all market data services, so that even the smallest financial institutions can play the markets more easily.
“We want to create a community around open and common standards so that we can driving the cost and friction out of global trading,” NYSE Technologies CEO Stanley Young tells Wired.
“At the moment, it’s a very fragmented, very complex, very costly place to do business — especially if you’re a fund manager sitting somewhere in the Midwest and you want to execute trades on one hundred exchanges across the world.”
It’s a common message from Young and company, who seek to streamline the trading game in more ways than one. Yes, the company realizes that many will meet this message with a healthy amount of skepticism. And, in this case, it aims to counter the skepticism by open sourcing its code in tandem with the Linux Foundation, the non-profit consortium that has backed Linus Torvalds’ open source operating system since 2000.
But the larger point is that in open sourcing MAMA, the IT outfit plans to make even more money than before. If more firms are trading and trading more frequently, this can only benefit NYSE Technologies — and its parent company. “But we have a broader, commercial strategy” says Tony McManus, NYSE’s global engineer of enterprise software. “We see this as an opportunity to drive more of our products to more customers.”
Though Wall Street isn’t known for open sourcing its own software, it has been using existing open source software — most notably Linux — for years. “This misconception about Wall Street is that it’s conservative — that it would be the last industry to do this kind of thing — but it’s really the opposite when it comes to technology,” says Linux Foundation Executive Director Jim Zemlin.
“Wall Street finds ways to innovate — and fast.”
MAMA’s full name isn’t quite as catchy as its acronym. The Middleware Agnostic Messaging API has been in use since the middle of the last decade, letting banks and funds tap into an NYSE software platform that streams data from more than 200 global markets. The open source incarnation is known as, yes, OpenMAMA, and the hope is that it will be adopted by other outfits streaming market data in much the same way, including Reuters, Bloomberg, Active Financial, and SR Labs.
Tony McManus tells us that NYSE is already in discussions with some competitors, but he declined to say who. The open source effort is already backed by such names as JP Morgan and Bank of America Merrill Lynch, and McManus envisions such institutions building their applications based on the API (application programming interface).
“If we open source, it gives our customers, our partners, and other vendors an entry point into our platform, but it’s also an entry point into their platforms as well,” he says. “That removes a huge amount of friction and a huge amount of cost on the customer side, because it lets them to plug into a single API that accesses contents from multiple sources.”
It’s an idealistic pitch. But Jim Zemlin says it makes perfect sense, comparing the NYSE Technologies to the IBM of a decade ago. “When IBM entered the Linux business, people asked why. IBM had spent a lot of money on — and charged a lot for — operating system software,” he says. “But IBM realized it could innovate at a higher level. At a certain point, you realize it’s in your best interest to share a certain amount of your technical stack with your peers.”
And you realize it even if you’re on Wall Street.
Cade Metz is the editor of Wired Enterprise. If you have a NEWS TIP related to this story -- or to anything else in the world of big tech -- please email him. His address is cade_metz [a] wired.com.